Dental calculus (tartar) is composed of various mineral salts, organic material and food particles. In the early stages of accumulation, the material is soft (plaque) but later hardens and adheres to the teeth.
Continual accumulation of tartar causes inflammation of the gums and eventual recession of the gums and tooth loss.
Concurrently, the breath becomes fetid and the mouth becomes a potential source of chronic infection. This “periodontal disease” may lead to diarrhea, vomiting, pain, irritability, organ failure, and a host of other ailments.
Left untreated, tooth and gum disease may allow bacteria to enter the bloodstream and ultimately cause damage to the valves of the heart, liver and kidney disease, and shortened lifespan.
- Provide rawhide, hard rubber or hard treat foods.
- Brush your pet’s teeth periodically using a pet toothpaste or use alternative pet dentifrice products.
- Schedule regular dental check-ups at least yearly and schedule professional cleaning by your veterinarian.
Every dental cleaning includes a complete physical exam, teeth scaling, polishing, and antiseptic flushing.
Your pet can be dropped off in the morning and generally picked-up at the end of the day. Professional dental cleaning requires anesthesia.
Overview of Dental Procedure:Laboratory testing to determine underlying organ dysfunction and anesthetic safety.
- Use of light anesthesia to ensure pet comfort and thorough cleaning and treatment
- Scaling the teeth to remove tartar above and below the gum line with both hand instruments and ultrasonic cleaning equipment
- Polishing the teeth after scaling to “smooth down” the surfaces, increasing resistance to future plaque formation
- Antiseptic flushing to rid entire oral cavity of bacteria
- Fluoride coating to decrease tooth sensitivity, strengthen enamel, fight bacteria, and reduce future plaque formation