Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones in Dogs: Prevent the Recurrence

Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones in Dogs; Prevent the Recurrence

Your dog is urinating blood, whining, and trying to pee on every bush in your front yard. Bladder stones in dogs is the last thing that comes into your mind when this happens.

Oh well, it’s probably a UTI, you think. Or, he is just having a bad day.  You hope it all just goes away.

Well, lots of times, if it is just a UTI, it will go away.

If bladder stones are responsible, these symptoms won’t just “go away”.

Bladder stones in dogs are complicated.

Many types develop for many different reasons.

Let’s fast forward and say bladder stones in dogs is the diagnosis and the stones were surgically removed. Now, not all stones have to be removed surgically, but for the sake of this article, let’s pretend they are.

After removal, these stones should be sent to the Minnesota Urolith Center for identification.

This is mandatory!

If you don’t know the type of stone, then you don’t know how to prevent the recurrence. For the latest research on the different types of stones and treatment, check out the Minnesota Urolith Center. This is the lab where I send stones for analysis.

Let’s pretend the stone was identified as a Calcium Oxalate bladder stone.

Unfortunately, Calcium oxalate bladder stones in dogs are very common.

We see them frequently in dogs of all ages, breeds, and sizes; however, the typical patient is frequently a male small breed dog (Shih Tzus, Toy Poodles, Schnauzers, and Yorkies) somewhere around the age of five.

These stones occur in males about three times as often as in females.

Can you truly prevent Calcium Oxalate or Bladder Stones in Dogs? Maybe.

Unfortunately, bladder stones in dogs commonly repeat within three years.

You will get hundreds of recommendations on how to prevent these stones from coming back.

The following is what I recommend after surgical removal:

MonitoringUrinary pH Testing and Dog Bladder Stones

  • Urinary ph: should be 6.5-7.5; purchase strips at a drugstore
  • Bloodwork: Blood chemistry should be tested once yearly to monitor calcium.
  • X-Ray of bladder once yearly to look for recurrence

Western Medicines

There are multiple Western Medicine options: 

  • Potassium or Calcium Citrate– people debate which is better, but there really is no difference.
  • Vitamin B6 tablets
  • PSGAG injection- If dogs concurrently have arthritis, I recommend this therapy. Why?  There is some belief that PSGAG prohibits minerals from sticking to the bladder wall.


I also recommend one or the other.

More water, More breaks, More wet food

  • Increase water consumption! This is vitally important. Have fresh distilled water available, set out multiple water bowls, and add flavoring agents. Some dogs like tuna, beef, or peppermint flavoring. Adding salt to the diet is controversial, and I would not recommend it.Keeping Your Dog Hydrated Helps Prevent Kidney & Bladder Stones
  • Multiple bathroom breaks!
  • Dietary change. Feed a prescription veterinary diet for CaOx uroliths, feed a specialty pet food, or feed a homemade diet.
  • If you feed a homemade diet, I advise having a veterinarian develop the diet. Pulling a diet off the internet is not advisable! Keep dietary oxalates low. Most premium pet foods are low in oxalates.
  • Do not feed a kibble-based diet. My belief is kibble-based diets keep dogs slightly dehydrated (1-2%) and this leads to concentrated urine and thus concentrated urinary minerals.
  • Feed canned food (especially to a small dog).  If you must feed kibble, add water to the food and heat it before serving.

Learn More About How to Help Your Dog’s Bladder & Kidney Stone Health Challenges

Related Posts

Veterinary Cryosurgery

Veterinary Cryosurgery

    What is Veterinary Cryosurgery? Dr. Smith often uses veterinary cryosurgery in his pet cancer treatment plans. Cryosurgery, also called cryotherapy or cryoablation, is

Read More »

Connect with Us:

More Posts

No. 1 Super Remedy for Dog Restlessness

Endless panting, pacing, and unsettled behavior. It’s easy to spot when your dog is restless. And naturally, as a concerned pet owner, you quickly browse through the internet for a natural remedy for dog restlessness. Then, the anxiety sets in. We are familiar with the feeling. You know your pet’s normal behavior, and you are aware when they’re out of character. But it’s best that you put your anxiety at rest because that will only create panic. And when you panic, it’s difficult to be solution-oriented. There is a natural remedy for dog restlessness and panting. So, you can stop

Read More »

Veterinary Cryosurgery

    What is Veterinary Cryosurgery? Dr. Smith often uses veterinary cryosurgery in his pet cancer treatment plans. Cryosurgery, also called cryotherapy or cryoablation, is a common cancer procedure used in humans. Dr. Smith uses it to skin tumors, and sometimes even certain tumors inside the body. Cryosurgery works by using extreme cold produced by liquid nitrogen or argon gas to destroy cancer cells and abnormal tissue. Watch the Video  Transcription Dr. Smith:  Ladies and gentlemen, I’m Doctor Marc Smith, a 20-year practicing veterinarian and co-creator of PET | TAO Holistic Pet Products, and I’m gonna work on this fine

Read More »

Looking for an Herbal Formulation for Diabetes in Cats?

Why Use an Herbal Formulation for Diabetes in Cats? I remember my first experience giving a cat insulin shots. It was years ago, and I was pet sitting for a friend. Giving kitty an insulin shot would be easy, she said. Just give him a little tuna and give him a shot. That’s it! NOPE. To say the least, giving the kitty a shot didn’t happen quite the way she described it. What she didn’t tell me was how much kitty hated the shot. Or, how fast I’d need to inject to avoid getting scratched! Let’s face it, insulin injections

Read More »

What’s the Best Supplement for Joint Health in Dogs?

We all want our dogs to feel good and have an excellent quality of life, no matter what age.Unfortunately, many dogs suffer from weakened or worn out joints Arthritis and Joint Health in Dogs Arthritis is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease. All dogs suffer from arthritis as they age. In fact, according to the Arthritis Foundation, approximately 20% of all adult dogs have arthritis. In other words, 1 in 5 adult dogs suffers from arthritis. However,  if your dog is older than 7 years, there is a 65% chance he or she suffers from

Read More »